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The name of both a city and a provice is located in historic Cilicia, now in Turkey, and before the Armenian Genocide had a large Armenian population. The city of Adana also known as Atan, Atanah, Atania, Andiokis ar Sarosiv, Adan, Adana, Adana Viranos, Ratne, Maksimianosyan Atana, Sarosyan Andiokis, Seyhan — is a city on the Cilician Plain, the capital of the state of Adana, Saros River's, where the river becomes navigable. At 20m elevation, the climate is humid. At the beginning of the 20th century the city had a population of 45,000, of which 13,000 were Armenian. Today's population is over 300,000, primarily Turks. In the second half of the 19th century, Adana had 30,000 inhabitants. There were over 2,000 Armenian households at that time. The city had the following Armenian churches: Minas (medieval , Hampert or Anhamper, S. Asdvadzadzin (literally "Holy Mother of God" or Mary/Mariam), Morotu (apparently Assyrian), St. Stepanos (renovated in 1649). In the 19th century, the common occupations were metalworking, leatherworking, shoemaking, and making fur products. It was one of the important centers of Armenian culture. In the 19th and early 20th century, this city saw the publication of Adana , Giligia/Cilicia Armenian Voice Davros/Taurus and other: The Armenian Church had three educational institutions here there were two higher education centers one was Musheghian the other for girls . The Armenian population of the city and province of Adana were subjected to massacres in 1908 and 1915. During the 1915 Armenian Genocide in the province there were 37,000 Armenian victims (according to Lepsius). On August 4, 1920 Armenians declared an independent Cilicia - which included Adana - which was very short-lived. The Armenians who fled Adana settled in Lebanon, and some founded a "New Adana" suburb in Beirut.

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